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Latest update: March 2017

Eco-biking...  Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge

Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge is a top eco-biking destination due to its unique character and beauty. Established in 1963 as part of the development of Canaveral (John F. Kennedy) Space Center, the refuge consists of 140,000 acres including coastal dunes, marshes, scrub, pine flatwoods, and hardwood hammocks that provide habitat for more than 1,500 species of plants and animals. The dike roads are unpaved and may be shared with cars, but great for wildlife viewing and bird watching. The spectacular views of unspoiled natural habitat and birds roosting provide a colorful array. You can also see an occasional alligator. Some areas may be closed on days leading up to a rocket launch. Fishing within the Refuge requires a Refuge Fishing Permit. The information presented here is always subject to change due to weather - storms or other factors may shut down some areas. Check for current closures . (Detailed map and photos below.)

biking at Merritt Island

Bike Map...
Merritt Island Eco-Biking

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Location: From Titusville, SR 406, go east over the Max Brewer Causeway Bridge and the entrance to the refuge is on the left, or go straight to the Visitor Center. From the north, from US 1 near Oak Hill take SR 3 southbound. The Visitors' Center is located on SR 402, 5 miles east of US 1 in Titusville (Mon-Fri: 8:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.). (See map)

Nearby points of interest: Manatee Observation Deck, Kennedy Space Center, Canaveral National Seashore, Playalinda Beach. Activities include fishing, boating, kayaking, hiking.

Bike Shops/Rentals

Coast to Coast Bicycle Company (Titusville)

Support and Advocacy

Merritt Island National Wildlife Assn.


This is fat-tire biking in one of America's premier bird-watching areas, several sections are worthwhile nature rides. The hard-packed dirt roads can be rutted and bumpy, and other sections will be grassy and overgrown but the scenery is unmatched! We do not recommend biking on the main roads due to heavy traffic and no bike lanes.

Black Point Wildlife Drive is popular for birdwatching and there are facilities at the Cruikshank trailhead; many cars make this a better weekday ride. Biolab Road is a smoother ride but also can have many cars; more gators but not as many birds as some other areas. The series of roads at Gator Creek are mostly rutted and bumpy. Shiloh Marsh Road is a favorite for the views, birds, and no cars. All areas are subject to change depending on damage from storms and the like, our descriptions are based on observations at the time.

Black Point Wildlife Drive, 7 miles

This is a popular, one-way drive with a low speed-limit. Fee applies (drop box at the entrance). With 330 varieties of bird counted, this is one of the premier birding areas in the world and draws many visitors in the winter - biking provides a "birds-eye" view of the abundant wildlife. While smoother than other rides, the cars can be a distraction. Due to a large number of cars on weekends, it's best to visit on weekdays. Midway along the drive is the Cruikshank Trailhead with parking and restrooms. An observation deck and a taller observation tower offer views of the marshes. Access the 5-mile Cruikshank Trail (hiking trail) at the tower. (April 2016)

Biolab Road - 6 miles

Relatively straight north-south road from the Biolab Road boat launch at SR 3 to SR 406. The road on hard-packed dirt runs between the Mosquito Lagoon and a marsh impoundment where gators are often seen. The middle section is usually great for viewing alligators, but not as many birds as the other trails. The road bed tends to be smoother than Gator Creek or Shiloh Roads, which makes for a more comfortable ride. There are more cars on weekends - best to visit on weekdays. From here you can also see the launch pads at Kennedy Space Center and the vehicle assembly building. Boat launch, no facilities. (April 2016)

Gator Creek - 12 miles

Another option for biking is the 12-mile network of roads at Gator Creek, including Catfish Creek Loop and Peacocks Pocket Road. This area runs south of SR 406, looping east-west from shortly after the causeway to just east of the Refuge Visitor's Center. Can be rough in spots, sections are sometimes closed to traffic. Plenty of birds and alligators make for interesting views. (April 2016)

Shiloh Marsh Road - 11 miles

With several entrances off US 1 and SR 3, this road can be biked in sections. Weaving north and south along the shoreline of the Indian River Lagoon, you always have water on both sides. Lots of birds. Great sunsets. Closed to motor vehicles except for a short section at Patillo Creek Road open for fishing and small boat/canoe/kayak launching. Some fishermen but overall quiet. From the northern access off US 1 to Patillo Creek Road the roadway ranges from hard-packed dirt to grass, but bikeable. The area south of Patillo Creek Road is overgrown and not suitable for biking. Areas may be closed due to storms (check with the Park rangers). No facilities.

Biking at the northern end of Shiloh Marsh Road

The access road starts off US 1 about 3/4 mile south of the intersection with SR 3. Drive two miles to the parking area and entrance to the dike road. Popular with birdwatchers and for fishing. The first half mile is easier riding due to the heavy foot traffic here. Further on, it gets more grassy - rideable but a workout. The views though, make it all worthwhile. (March 2017)

Shiloh Marsh Road - middle, near Taylor Rd.

The access point is about 0.2 mile south of and across from Taylor Road (sign for WSEG Boat Ramp), then about 0.7 mile to Shiloh Marsh Road. The access road may be closed to vehicles. Roadway here ranges from hard-packed dirt to grassy. (March 2017).

Shiloh Marsh Road, middle at Patillo Creek

Access point is about 1.75 miles south of Taylor Road and 0.75 mile north of the radar globe. This is the only section open to motor vehicles for fishing, or launching small boats, kayaks and canoes. The roadway here is wide and hard-packed. Gates shut off the road to vehicles at the north and south ends: to the north, bikeable on dirt and grass; to the south, overgrown and not bikeable. (March 2017)

Southern end of Shiloh Marsh Road

No biking in this section but some interesting stops along the road.

  • Look for the big white radar globe, 3/10 mile south of the globe Live Oak Road leads to a parking area for fishing, walking and small boat launch. Shiloh Marsh Road ends at Live Oak Road, not bikeable at this point. (March 2017)
  • Several small cemeteries and ruins still exist from the Shiloh community (1800's)
  • Manatee Viewing at Haulover Canal - The canal was built in 1856 during the 3rd Seminole War, and is now (wider and deeper) part of the Intracoastal Waterway. It's unknown why exactly manatee congregate here, but it's a popular spot in the winter.

Birds along Shiloh Marsh Road

Birdwatching is popular here. These are just a few, too many to count! We've seen coots, osprey, white pelicans, herons, roseate spoonbill, songbirds, and more. We chatted with a birdwatcher who told us she had counted 54 species so far that day. (March 2017)

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